In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin which is vital for converting glucose into energy. People with type 1 diabetes need to do the job of the pancreas and replace the insulin via insulin injections or an insulin pump. The insulin acts to reduce the level of glucose in the blood.

Type 1 diabetes is a life threatening condition which needs to be closely managed with daily care:

  • Insulin replacement through insulin injections (up to 6 every day) or use of an insulin pump
  • Monitoring of blood glucose levels regularly
  • Following a healthy diet and eating plan
  • Taking regular exercise

The aim of diabetes management is to keep blood glucose levels as close to the target range as possible, between 4 to 6 mmol/L (fasting). However, the ranges will vary depending on the individual and an individual’s circumstances. Talk to your doctor or Diabetes Educator for the range of blood glucose levels that are right and safe for you.

Keeping your blood glucose level at the optimum range is a careful balance between what food is eaten, physical activity and medication. Blood glucose levels which are too high, can result in hyperglycaemia or ketoacidosis. Blood glucose levels which are too low, can result in hypoglycaemia. It is important to learn about each reaction and respond appropriately. Ketoacidosis is an emergency and you must call emergency services immediately.

Keeping your blood glucose levels on target will help prevent both short-term and long-term complications.