Do you have type 2 diabetesDNSWACT
There are two main types of diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes – represents 10 – 15% of all cases of diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes – is more likely in people with a family history of type 2 diabetes or from particular ethnic backgrounds
In addition to type 1 and type 2 diabetes, there are two other types of diabetes:
Pre-diabetes is a condition when blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not yet high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Left untreated it may develop into type 2 diabetes within five to 10 years.
Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy and mostly disappears after the birth.
A person is diagnosed with diabetes every 5 minutes
Do I have type 2 diabetes?
- Occurs when the pancreas no longer produces the insulin needed
- Represents 10 – 15% of all cases of diabetes
- Is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases in developed nations
- Is not caused by lifestyle factors
- Type 1 diabetes is increasing at about 3% a year
- Type 1 requires insulin therapy
- Occurs when the pancreas is not producing enough insulin and the insulin is not working effectively
- Represents 85 – 90% of all cases of diabetes
- Risk factors include family history, ethnic background and being overweight – particularly around the waist
- Lifestyle factors such as unhealthy eating and lack of physical activity can contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes
- Managed with lifestyle and may require diabetes medication as well as insulin therapy
- Usually in childhood or young adulthood, although it can occur at any age.
- Usually in adults over the age of 45 but it is increasingly occurring at a younger age.
- Usually abrupt onset. Symptoms can include excessive thirst and urination, unexplained weight loss, weakness and fatigue, irritability.
- Sometimes symptoms go unnoticed as the disease develops gradually. Symptoms may include any of those for type 1 diabetes plus blurred vision, skin infections, slow healing, tingling and numbness in the feet. Sometimes no symptoms are noticed at all.
- Lifelong daily insulin injections or use of an insulin pump, regular blood glucose level tests, healthy eating and regular physical activity.
- Regular physical activity and healthy eating. Over time treatment may progress from lifestyle modification to requiring blood glucose-lowering tablets and/or insulin injections.