What should I do if I have pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Pre-diabetes may have no signs or symptoms but having pre-diabetes means you are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
If you manage your pre-diabetes, this can help to delay, and in some cases prevent, the development of type 2 diabetes.
Manage pre-diabetes to reduce the risk of developing type 2
A healthy lifestyle is the key to managing your pre-diabetes. This may mean losing some weight, finding a way to be consistent with regular physical activity, and making changes to the foods you eat.
- Weight loss – losing just 5-10 per cent of your body weight can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
- Regular physical activity – reduces blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels
- Healthy eating– choosing a wide variety of healthy foods, including some lower GI options and reducing portion sizes can help to manage blood glucose, weight, blood pressure and cholesterol
Smoking raises your risk of type 2 diabetes by up to 40 per cent
If you smoke, one of the best things you can do for your health is to try to quit. Seeking support from your friends, family, doctor and Quitline (13 78 48) can improve your chance of success.
Get a pre-diabetes health check at least once a year
If you have pre-diabetes, it’s important to have an annual health check, including a blood test to check for type 2 diabetes. By adopting and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, you can delay the development of type 2 diabetes and maybe even prevent it altogether.
For more information on understanding pre-diabetes and how to manage it, check out our factsheet here.